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Listening         

Listen to the podcast and answer the questions


 

Listen to the following podcast about Chris' family and answer the questions.

 

 

1. Chris was ________________________ on a farm.

2. Chris has three ________________.

3. Chris has a _____________________, who was born 10 minutes after him.

4. Chris father is a __________________________, his mother is a _______________.

5. In the winter, Chris would ________________________ with his family.

6. Chris studied _____________ in High School including ____________________.

7. At university, Chris ______________________ law.

8. He ________________ his studies at Waikato University.


 

Reading

Read the following article and then match each paragraph with the correct title below.

1)Sibling rivalry is a type of competition or animosity among brothers and sisters, blood-related or not.

 

2) 82% of people in Western countries have at least one sibling, and siblings generally spend more time together during childhood than they do with parents. The sibling bond is often complicated and is influenced by factors such as parental treatment, birth order, personality, and people and experiences outside the family. According to child psychologist Sylvia Rimm, sibling rivalry is particularly intense when children are very close in age and of the same gender, or where one child is intellectually gifted.

 

3) Sibling rivalry is not unique to Western culture. For example, there is an Arabic saying: "I against my brother; my brother and I against my cousin; I, my brother, and my cousin against the stranger".

 

4) Sibling rivalry can involve aggression; however, it is not the same as sibling abuse where one child victimizes another.

 

5) According to observational studies by Judy Dunn, children are sensitive from the age of one year to differences in parental treatment. From 18 months on siblings can understand family rules and know how to comfort and hurt each other. By three years old, children have a sophisticated grasp of social rules, can evaluate themselves in relation to their siblings, and know how to adapt to circumstances within the family.

 

6) Sibling rivalry can continue into adulthood and sibling relationships can change dramatically over the years. Events such as a parent’s illness may bring siblings closer together, whereas marriage may drive them apart, particularly if the in-law relationship is strained. Approximately one-third of adults describe their relationship with siblings as rivalrous or distant. However, rivalry often lessens over time. Sibling rivalry during youth will more often than not, result in siblings having a closer bond to each other in adulthood than siblings who experience no rivalry. At least 80 percent of siblings over age 60 enjoy close ties.

 

7) According to Kyla Boyse from the University of Michigan, each child in a family competes to define who they are as individuals and want to show that they are separate from their siblings. Children may feel they are getting unequal amounts of their parents’ attention, discipline, and responsiveness. Children fight more in families where there is no understanding that fighting is not an acceptable way to resolve conflicts, and no alternative ways of handling such conflicts. Stress in the parents’ and children’s lives can create more conflict and increase sibling rivalry.

 

8) Parents can reduce the opportunity for rivalry by refusing to compare or typecast their children, teaching the children positive ways to get attention from each other and from the parent, planning fun family activities together, and making sure each child has enough time and space of their own. They can also give each child individual attention, encourage teamwork, refuse to hold up one child as a role model for the others, and avoid favoritism.

(From: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sibling_rivalry)

 

The cause of sibling rivalry.                                       

Paragraph ___________________

 

The difference between sibling rivalry and sibling abuse.   

Paragraph _____________

 

Definition of sibling rivalry.                                       

Paragraph ___________________

 

How to prevent sibling rivalry.                                   

Paragraph ___________________

 

Sibling rivalry in early years.                                    

Paragraph___________________

 

Sibling rivalry in all cultures.                                    

Paragraph ___________________

 

Adulthood and sibling rivalry.                                   

Paragraph ___________________

 

Prevalence of sibling rivalry.                                   

Paragraph___________________

 


Writing        

Write a paragraph describing the following picture

Family Photo

 

 

Speaking         

Prepare a short speech about your family. Especially focus on your siblings (if you have any) and your relationship with them

 

 

 

Extra      

Watch the following video about sibling rivalry.  Write some notes about it. You will discuss the video with your teacher.

 

 


 



 



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